January 2021 Pest of the Month: Shore fly

Name: Shore fly – Scatella australiae

Indirectly damages plants by spreading Pythium and other soft rot organisms. Adult flies leave faecal material on leaf and flower surfaces, causing downgrading of ornamental plants, particularly seedlings.

Description
Egg: Very small, ovoid, white. Laid on algae growing on potting mix, pots, benches and floors.

Immatures: Opaque, yellowish-brown maggots, found close to the surface of potting media. No distinct head. Feed on algae.

Adult: Small, black fly with reddish eyes, short legs and antennae. Wings dusky, each with five pale spots. Makes short flights (doesn’t hover).

For further information, please refer to the Pest ID Tool at: https://pestid.com.au/pest-insect/shore-flies